It’s Cold Outside
- “Baby, it’s cold outside” — and that’s VERY good for most agriculture, trees and the environment, in general.
- Deep frost kills plant pathogens and insect larvae by the billions. That means fewer aphids, beetles and emerald ash borers.
General Discussion. “Insect Winter Ecology” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect_winter_ecology
Effect on Tree Pathogens. Updraft – MPR News Weather and underlying science. “Extreme cold may wipe out high percentage of emerald ash borer larvae.” http://blogs.mprnews.org/updraft/2014/01/extreme-cold-may-wipe-out-high-percentage-emerald-ash-borer-larvae/
Other articles on this subject:
- Zhou, X., R. Harrington, et al. (1995). “Effects of temperature on aphid phenology.” Global Change Biology 1(4):303-313.
- Rosenzweig, C., A. Iglesias, et al. (2001). “Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Implications for Food Production, Plant Diseases, and Pests.” Global Change & Human Health 2(2):90-104.
- Liu, D. and J.T. Trumble (2007). “Comparative fitness of invasive and native populations of the potato psylid (Bactericera cockerelli).” Entomolgia Experimentalis et Applicata 123(1):35-42.
- Parmesan, C. (2006). “Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change.” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37(1):637-669.